Composting is the decomposition of organic waste by natural organisms under controlled conditions. This may sound complex, but composting is an easy and effective way of doing two things:

  • It can reduce the amount of waste that we dispose of by up to 33%.
  • Producing rich, quality compost that can be used in your garden.

What can I compost?

As a basic rule you can compost anything that was once organic, such as:

  • Vegetable peelings.
  • Banana skins.
  • Bread.
  • Pasta.
  • Cut flowers.
  • Tea leaves.
  • Coffee grinds.
  • Egg shells.
  • Egg cartons.
  • Paper (in small amounts).

It also includes garden waste such as grass cuttings, tree and shrub clippings, hay, straw, saw dust and autumn leaves.

I have my materials ready for composting, what do I do next?

In order to begin composting, you will need a compost bin and they are available from most recycling and garden centres.

Your composting bin is then used to store the range of organic waste, which over time is processed into high quality compost.

When composting, it helps to have a good mix of green and brown materials. Examples of what the green and brown materials are can be found below.

Green materials

  • Grass Cuttings.
  • Kitchen Scraps.
  • Vegetable Peelings.
  • Young Weeds.
  • Tea leaves/bags.

Brown materials

  • Egg Shells.
  • Hedge Clippings.
  • Autumn Leaves.
  • Paper.
  • Straw.

You can take a look at the following chart which will help you to understand which everyday day items can be composted.

Useful documents